Higher Wages Attracting Workers, But Gap Continues to Grow
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- Rising hourly wages brought more workers to construction in May, but the industry still posted a record number of job openings to start the month, according to analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America.
- About 36,000 new employees donned hard hats and reported for work on jobsites in May, according to BLS data, but that didn’t come close to filling the 494,000 construction job openings at the end of April, a 40% increase from the number of openings in April 2021.
- The increase in openings represented the largest total since recording of it began in 2000, according to AGC Chief Economist Ken Simonson.
For hourly workers in the trades, pay rose in May by 6.3% year over year, the highest increase since December 1982, according to Simonson. As those wages increased though, earnings in the overall private sector rose 6.5%. The slightly higher increase for all workers only steepens the uphill battle contractors must climb to find workers.
In addition, the number of unemployed construction workers fell by 39% to 392,000. That could indicate fewer experienced jobseekers remain for builders to hire, Simonson said.
“I think the implications are that contractors would have hired far more workers in April — perhaps twice as many — as they were able to,” Simonson told Construction Dive. “The same patterns of record or near-record openings and of openings exceeding monthly hires has prevailed for the past several months but never or seldom had happened before. This indicates construction employment is being held down not by lack of demand but lack of supply of qualified and willing candidates.”
|Types of workers added in May 2022|
|Heavy and civil engineering firm workers||+11,340|
|Nonresidential specialty trade contractors||+5,700|
|General building contractors||+2,400|
For better or worse, Simonson said the solution to labor woes is pretty simple.
“For contractors to get more workers on board, I think they’ll have to raise pay even more,” he said.
Since construction employers cannot offer the flexible hours or remote work other industries have adopted, contractors will have to pay a higher premium, Simonson said, to attract workers to their jobs that often entail working outdoors doing physically demanding tasks in various weather conditions.
Even turning to modular or offsite construction won’t solve the problem, Simonson pointed out, as that still requires workers skilled in the trades. At a time when other issues plague the industry, the labor shortage seems set to continue for the foreseeable future.
“I expect workforce challenges to outlast materials cost or supply chain issues,” Simonson said.